Implementing Isolation and Quarantine: A Guidance Document Provided by the Office of Legal Affairs - Version 2.0 [open pdf - 0B]
From the Preface: "Isolation and quarantine are public health strategies used to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Isolation is a standard public health practice applied to persons who have a communicable disease. Quarantine is a contact management strategy applied to persons who have been exposed to a disease and consists of active monitoring in addition to activity restrictions. Both techniques may be voluntary or mandatory. Isolation and quarantine require the separation of infected and potentially infected persons, respectively, from the public. This separation is achieved by confinement of the infected and/or potentially infection person(s) to treatment facilities, residences, or other locations, depending on the nature of the implicated disease and the available facilities. Thus, both isolation and quarantine measures may severely curtail the freedom of persons to whom they are applied, particularly in the cases of disease characterized by prolonged incubation periods. […] The epidemiologic and clinical data available to the public health authority drive the decision determining whether to issuance of isolation or quarantine orders is an appropriate control measure. Public health staff, along with legal counsel, must coordinate in advance to ensure an efficient response. These materials contain a summary of the legal authorities allowing a public health authority to obtain and issue isolation and quarantine orders. Also included are sample petitions and model orders to be completed as factually and clinically appropriate."
State of Indiana
Association of State and Territorial Health Officials: http://www.astho.org/