ABSTRACT

Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan: October 2014   [open pdf - 1MB]

Alternate Title: Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan: October 2014 Report to Congress in accordance with sections 1230 and 1231 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 (Public Law 110-181); sections 1212, 1223, and 1531(d) of the NDAA for FY 2013 (P.L. 112-239); and Senate Report 113-211, to accompany H.R. 4870, the Department of Defense (DoD) Appropriations Bill, 2015

"The failure of any candidate to win more than 50 percent of the [Afghan national] vote in the April 5 presidential election, the disputed outcome of the June 14 runoff election, and former President Karzai's continued refusal to sign the BSA [bilateral security agreement] and NATO SOFA [status of forces agreement] created uncertainty about whether U.S. and coalition forces would remain in Afghanistan after 2014. This uncertainty was one factor that contributed to a slowing economy and declining government revenues, as some Afghans fled and investors moved funds outside the country. The agreement to form a government of national unity, President Ghani's inauguration, and the signing of the BSA could help mitigate this uncertainty. The new government will, however, face significant challenges in dealing with the ongoing insurgency, potential resistance to its reform agenda, and Afghanistan's continued reliance on international financial assistance. Despite these uncertainties, the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) remained cohesive and nonpartisan. The Afghan forces increasingly demonstrated their ability to plan and conduct independent and combined operations that employed multiple ANSF capabilities, disrupted the insurgency, and protected the populace."

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