U.S. and International Health Responses to the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa [October 29, 2014] [open pdf - 633KB]
"In March 2014, an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak was reported in Guinea, West Africa. The outbreak is the first in West Africa and has caused an unprecedented number of cases and deaths. The outbreak is continuing to spread in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia (the 'affected countries'); it has been contained in Nigeria and Senegal, and has been detected in Mali. As of October 22, 2014, more than 10,000 people have contracted EVD, more than half of whom have died. Until October 2014, no secondary EVD cases had occurred outside of Africa. That month, health workers in Spain and the United States contracted EVD cases while providing care for Ebola patients. Other factors make this outbreak unique, including (1) its introduction into West Africa; (2) multi-country outbreaks occurring simultaneously; (3) disease transmission within urban areas; and (4) an unprecedented scale and pace of transmission. […] A proposed U.N. response would cost roughly $1 billion, about half of which would be aimed at addressing health impacts. The United States is the leading funder of the international Ebola response, and its financial support is growing. As of October 25, almost 900 U.S. government personnel had deployed to the region, and some 4,000 military personnel will be deployed to the region. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) reports that as of October 22, U.S. funding for EVD responses totaled $344.6 million. In addition, the Department of Defense (DOD) is planning to spend more than $1 billion on EVD activities in West Africa."
CRS Report for Congress, R43697