"In order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states, it must conclude a framework agreement that meets specific requirements under Section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA). The AEA also provides for export control licensing procedures and criteria for terminating cooperation. Congressional review is required for Section 123 agreements; the AEA establishes special parliamentary procedures by which Congress may act on a proposed agreement." This report discusses the details of "Section 123" agreements and the "Requirements under the Atomic Energy Act" that must be met before Congress can approve nuclear cooperation with foreign countries. The report provides detailed examples of Section 123 Agreements between U.S. - Japan and U.S. - India, and "export licensing restrictions" the U.S. exercises when dealing with Iran.
CRS Report for Congress, RS22937