U.S. Postal Service Workforce Size and Employment Categories, FY1994-FY2013 [October 7, 2014]   [open pdf - 480KB]

"This report provides data from the past 20 years on the size of the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) workforce. Further, this report examines trends in its workforce composition, particularly focusing on shifts in the ratio between career and non-career employment. The size of the USPS workforce has declined over the past two decades. The most substantial declines have occurred since 2007, at which time the USPS began to undertake workforce reductions as a cost-cutting strategy in response to the onset of significant financial challenges. Since FY2007, there has been a reduction of 168,215 employees (21.4%) from USPS's workforce. The USPS has indicated that it intends to continue to reduce its workforce size and has established a goal of reducing its career workforce to 400,000 employees by 2017. The USPS has reduced its workforce primarily through attrition and separation incentives to retire or resign. Throughout 2013 and 2014, USPS offered several retirement incentives to its employees, including postmasters, mail handlers, postal clerks, and supervisors. USPS employed 617,714 persons as of September 30, 2013 (FY2013). USPS's workforce size has dropped by 170,772 employees (27.5%) in the past 20 years, and it had 11,314 (1.8%) fewer employees at the end of FY2013 than it did at the end of FY2012"

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RS22864
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