Sex Trafficking: A Gender-Based Civil Rights Violation   [open pdf - 2MB]

This is a Briefing Report of the briefing that was held before the United States Commission on Civil Rights in Washington, D.C. on April 13, 2012. From the Letter of Transmittal: "A panel of experts briefed members of the Commission on April 13, 2012 to examine the federal government's response to this issue of human trafficking from a gender-based discrimination perspective. The panelists discussed how the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) does not list trafficking as a major crime category, how the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) does not collect statistics on the scope of trafficking, and how difficult it is to collect and track accurate data on the prevalence of sex trafficking of minors versus adults. Based on that discussion, the Commission developed the findings and recommendations that are included in this report. Among its findings, the Commission notes that the definitions of what is sex trafficking differ among United States executive agencies and state and local law enforcement authorities. Testimony showed that sex trafficking is clearly a violation of gender-based civil and human rights that enslaves women and girls in commercial sex and is rooted in gender-based discrimination. The Commission also noted that testimony showed that sex trafficking also enslaves men and boys, particularly gay and transgender individuals, in commercial sex and is discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and is also rooted in social exclusion. The Commission recommends that a model state law on trafficking be developed. The Commission also recommends that the federal government develop standard definitions of 'sex trafficking' and related terms with input from involved federal agencies, state and local law enforcement entities, and the advocacy and scholarly sectors. In addition, the Commission suggests that the FBI should list trafficking as a major crime category; and HHS should collect statistics on the scope of trafficking, including a percentage of victims."

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U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: http://www.usccr.gov/
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