Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis [October 1, 2014] [open pdf - 354KB]
"The federal government has provided a significant amount of money through supplemental appropriations to state, local, and tribal governments to help them repair, rebuild, and recover from catastrophic incidents. For example, Congress provided roughly $120 billion for the 2005 and 2008 Gulf Coast hurricane seasons and $50 billion for Hurricane Sandy recovery. Congressional interest in disaster assistance has always been high given the associated costs. Additional issues associated with disaster assistance have been contentious. These issues include: (1) increasing disagreements over the appropriate role of the federal government in providing assistance including whether some of the federal burden for disaster assistance should be shifted to states and localities; (2) the appropriate use of supplemental appropriations to pay for disaster relief; (3) reducing federal costs by eliminating unrelated spending in disaster funding bills; (4) creating alternative funding methods such as a rainy-day fund or a contingency fund; (5) the use of offsets for disaster assistance; (6) altering policies that would limit the number of declarations issued each year; and (7) converting some or all disaster assistance to disaster loans. This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies."
CRS Report for Congress, R43665