Child Welfare: Profiles of Current and Former Older Foster Youth Based on the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) [October 6, 2014] [open pdf - 434KB]
"This report provides summary and detailed data about current and former foster youth, as reported by states to HHS [U.S. Department of Health and Human Services] via the NYTD [National Youth in Transition Database]. Data are available on two sets of youth. First, states report information each fiscal year on eligible youth who currently receive independent living services regardless of whether they continue to remain in foster care, were in foster care in other states, or received child welfare services through Indian tribes or privately operated foster care programs. These youth are known as 'served youth'. Data on served youth are intended to show how many youth received independent living services. Second, states report information on foster youth on or about their 17th birthdays, on or about their 19th birthdays, and again on or about their 21st birthdays. This reported information is based primarily on data collected through surveys of the youth. In this second group, foster youth at age 17 are known as the 'baseline youth', and at ages 19 and 21 they are known as the 'follow-up youth'. Data from the tracked population of youth are intended to show education, work, health, and other outcomes of youth who were in foster care at age 17. These current and former foster youth are tracked regardless of whether they receive independent living services at ages 17, 19, and 21."
CRS Report for Congress, R43752