Joint Full Committee Hearing: Ebola in West Africa: A Global Challenge and Public Health Threat, Held Before the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies, Committee on Appropriations, One Hundred and Thirteenth Congress, Second Session, September 16, 2014 [open pdf - 649KB]
This testimony compilation is from the October 10, 2014 hearing, "Ebola in West Africa: A Global Challenge and Public Health Threat" before the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. From the statement of Beth Bell: "Ebola is a severe, often fatal, viral hemorrhagic fever. The first Ebola virus was detected in 1976 in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, outbreaks have appeared sporadically. The current epidemic in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone is the first that has been recognized in West Africa and the biggest and most complex Ebola epidemic ever documented. We have now also seen cases imported into Nigeria and Senegal from the initially affected areas, which is of concern. Ebola has an abrupt onset of symptoms similar to many other illnesses, including fever, chills, weakness and body aches. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea are common and severe, and can result in life threatening electrolyte losses. In approximately half of cases there is hemorrhage-- serious internal and external bleeding. There are two things that are very important to understand about how Ebola spreads. First, the current evidence suggests human-to-human transmission of Ebola only happens from people who are symptomatic-- not from people who have been exposed to, but are not ill with the disease." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Beth Bell; Anthony S. Fauci, Robin Robinson, Kent Brantly, and Ishmeal A. Charles.
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