Population Vulnerability and Evacuation Challenges in California for the SAFRR Tsunami Scenario [open pdf - 7MB]
"The SAFRR [Science Application for Risk Reduction] tsunami scenario models the impacts of a hypothetical yet plausible tsunami associated with a magnitude 9.1 megathrust earthquake east of the Alaska Peninsula. This report summarizes community variations in population vulnerability and potential evacuation challenges to the tsunami. The most significant public-health concern for California coastal communities during a distant-source tsunami is the ability to evacuate people out of potential inundation zones. Fatalities from the SAFRR tsunami scenario could be low if emergency managers can implement an effective evacuation in the time between tsunami generation and arrival, as well as keep people from entering tsunami-prone areas until all-clear messages can be delivered. This will be challenging given the estimated 91,956 residents, 81,277 employees, as well as numerous public venues, dependent-population facilities, community-support businesses, and high-volume beaches that are in the 79 incorporated communities and 17 countries that have land in the scenario tsunami-inundation zone."
California Geological Survey Special Report 229; Open-File Report 2013-1170-I
U.S. Geological Survey: http://www.usgs.gov/