"The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank or the Bank), a wholly owned federal government corporation, is the official export credit agency (ECA) of the U.S. government. Its mission is to assist in the financing of U.S. exports of goods and services to support U.S. employment. On a demand-driven basis, it seeks to provide financing when the private sector is unwilling, or unable, to undertake alone such financing at terms commercially viable for exporters; and/or to meet foreign competition by countering government-backed financing offered by foreign countries to their companies. [...] Congressional and stakeholder views on Ex-Im Bank vary. Proponents contend that the Bank supports U.S. exports and jobs by addressing shortfalls in private sector financing and helping U.S. exporters compete against foreign companies backed by their governments' ECAs. Critics contend that it crowds out private sector activity, picks winners and losers through its support, operates as a form of corporate welfare, and poses a risk to taxpayers."
CRS Insight, IN10097