Coordinating an Effective Police and Fire Response to Active Shooter Incidents for the Cities of Aberdeen, Cosmopolis, and Hoquiam Washington [open pdf - 713KB]
"Active shooter incidents (ASI's) are occurring with greater frequency in the United States. To meet this challenge the fire service must develop coordinated joint response procedures with law enforcement in order to save innocent lives and protect its personnel. The problem addressed by this research was the local Hostile Incident Planning Committee had not identified key components of an active shooter response model that afforded the highest level of protection for emergency responders while increasing the likelihood of saving patient lives. The purpose of this research paper was to identify an effective coordinated law/fire response model for active shooter incidents given the resource limitations of local emergency response agencies."
U.S. Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/