Serial No. 113-8: Measuring Outcomes to Understand the State of Border Security, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, March 20, 2013   [open pdf - 490KB]

This is the hearing entitled "Measuring Outcomes to Understand the State of Border Security" before the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Maritime Security on March 20, 2013. From the statement of Veronica Escobar: "We're dealing with this question of how to measure security because border security was mandated to be achieved before immigration reform would be enacted. We were told by our policy-makers that our pursuit would be 'enforcement first,' but it quickly became 'enforcement only,' to the detriment of any thoughtful policy considerations or reform. Those of us who have been engaged in this issue have long said that immigration reform should come first -- that approaching enforcement first (or only) is a backward way to deal with the flow of people and goods across our borders. In 2007 when the federal government erected the wall that scars my community, I took a tour of it with Border Patrol Agents, who told me that 85% of apprehensions at the border were of non-criminal offenders. That meant only 15% or fewer of the apprehensions made were for 'criminal aliens.' It's important to note that the definition of 'criminal aliens,' is broad and includes people who do not necessarily represent a security threat to the United States. The more important fact is that 85% (and even some of the 15%) of undocumented crossers are risking jail time and even their lives to be in this country to find work, perhaps establish a safer and better life, or reunite with their families. In 2008, Border Patrol Chief David Aguilar wrote that '90 percent of the illegal aliens we arrest are drawn to this country for socio-economic reasons.'" Statements, letters and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Candice Miller, Michael J. Fisher, Kevin McAleenan, Mark Borkowski, and Veronica Escobar.

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Serial No. 113-8
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