"The United States Fire Administration (USFA)--which includes the National Fire Academy (NFA)--is currently housed within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The objective of the USFA is to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire. The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 (P.L. 113-76), signed into law on January 17, 2014, funds USFA at $44 million. The FY2015 budget proposal requested $41.407 million for USFA, a $2.593 million reduction (a 6% cut) from the FY2014 level. Of the requested total appropriation, $12.422 million would be allocated to the National Fire Academy, $11.264 million to National Fire Programs, and $14.666 million to National Emergency Training Center (NETC) Management, Operations and Support. On January 2, 2013, the President signed P.L. 112-239, the FY2013 National Defense Authorization Act. Title XVIII, Subtitle B is the United States Fire Administration Reauthorization Act of 2012, which authorizes USFA at an annual level of $76,490,890 for FY2013 through FY2017. Concerns in the 113th Congress over the federal budget deficit could impact future funding levels for the USFA. Debate over the USFA budget has focused on whether the USFA is receiving an appropriate level of funding to accomplish its mission, given that appropriations for USFA have consistently been well below the agency's authorized level. An ongoing issue is the viability and status of the USFA and National Fire Academy within the Department of Homeland Security."
CRS Report for Congress, RS20071