Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses: Legislation in the 113th Congress [May 30, 2014] [open pdf - 508KB]
"Congress has generally broad authority to impose requirements upon the federal procurement process (i.e., the process whereby agencies acquire supplies and services from other entities for the agency's direct benefit or use). One of the many ways in which Congress has exercised this authority is by enacting measures that encourage agencies to contract and subcontract with 'small businesses.' For purposes of federal procurement law, the term 'small business' generally denotes a business that (1) is independently owned and operated, (2) is not dominant in its field of operations, and (3) has fewer employees or annual receipts than the standards that the Small Business Administration (SBA) has established for the industries in which the business operates. […] This report describes, by issue area, the various small business contracting bills in the 113th Congress and, particularly, the modifications to existing law that they have made, or would make if enacted. In doing so, the report also briefly surveys current law on particular issues pertaining to small business contracting and subcontracting, including significant amendments to current law made by the 111th and 112th Congresses. […] The report will be updated as additional legislation is enacted or introduced."
CRS Report for Congress, R43573