Progress in Combating Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): U.S. and Global Efforts from FY2006 to FY2015 [May 28, 2014] [open pdf - 759KB]
"The term 'neglected tropical diseases' (NTDs) was coined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003 to describe a set of diseases that are ancient, worsen poverty, and typically impair health and productivity while carrying low death rates. While the use of the term 'NTDs' has helped to raise awareness about these long-standing health challenges, its use risks simplifying a complicated health challenge. Some of the diseases are treatable with drugs that can be administered by lay health workers irrespective of disease status, while others require diagnosis and can be treated only by trained health professionals who have access to appropriate equipment, electrical power, and refrigeration (to store the temperature-sensitive therapies). Neglected tropical diseases primarily plague the poorest people in developing countries. Changes in the environment and population flows, however, make industrialized countries, including the United States, increasingly vulnerable to some NTDs, particularly dengue haemorrhagic fever, which can cause death and has no cure. […] This report discusses the prevalence of NTDs, U.S. and global actions to address them, and options the 113th Congress might consider."
CRS Report for Congress, R42931