Background on the Scheduled Reduction to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Benefits [October 23, 2013] [open pdf - 263KB]
From the report: "Based on legislation passed in the 111th Congress, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly the Food Stamp program) benefits, which were temporarily increased beginning in April 2009, are scheduled to be reduced after October 31, 2013. This report explains the increase that has been in place since April 2009, the scheduled end to the increase, and the impact on SNAP households. This report does not describe the rules of SNAP eligibility and benefit calculation […] As of July 2013, SNAP provided food assistance to a monthly average of 47.6 million people in 23.1 million households. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projects that SNAP spending will peak at $83 billion in FY2013 before falling beginning in FY2014. SNAP participation and costs have increased markedly since FY2007, mostly as a result of automatic and legislated responses to the 2007-2009 recession. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5) provided the legislated response to the recession, which included an across-the-board increase in SNAP benefits."
CRS Report for Congress, R43257
The National Agricultural Law Center: http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/