"The term 'services' refers to an expanding range of economic activities, such as construction, retail and wholesale sales, e-commerce, financial services, professional services (such as accounting and legal services), transportation, tourism, and telecommunications. They have become an important priority in U.S. foreign trade flows and trade policy and of global trade in general, although their intangibility, the requirement for direct buyer-provider contact, and other characteristics have limited the types and volume of services that can be traded. Congress is expected to consider in the future U.S. trade agreements currently under negotiation that include services as significant components. Services constitute an important component of U.S. trade flows. The United States is the largest exporter of services (14% of the global total in 2011) and the largest importer (10% of the global total in 2011). In 2012, services accounted for 29% of total U.S. exports and 7% of total imports. Rapid advances in information technology and the related growth of global value or supply chains have reduced barriers to trade in services, making an expanding range of services tradable across national borders."
CRS Report for Congress, R43291