Coffee Break Training - Fire Protection Series: Building Construction: High-Rise Protection Features [open pdf - 556KB]
"High-rise buildings -- whether in a dense urban area or standing alone -- provide a special challenge for the fire service. In the event of a fire, they often require massive evacuations or defend-in-place strategies to protect occupants, they demand a huge number of firefighters to address fire operations and support, and the very nature of their height makes reaching a fire problematic. In order to improve life safety and fire operations, the model building codes require the following features to be included in newly constructed high-rise buildings, generally those having an occupied floor more than 75 feet (22.9 meters (m)) above the lowest level of fire department access."
Coffee Break Training - Fire Protection Series No. FP-2014-14
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/