Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy [April 9, 2014]   [open pdf - 1MB]

"The United States and other donors continue to fund development projects, increasingly delegating project implementation to the Afghan government. U.S. officials assert that Afghanistan might be able to exploit vast mineral and agricultural resources, as well as its potentially significant hydrocarbon resources, to prevent a major economic downturn as international donors scale back their involvement. U.S. officials also seek greater Afghan integration into regional trade and investment patterns as part of a 'New Silk Road.' Persuading Afghanistan's neighbors, particularly Pakistan, to support Afghanistan's stability has shown some modest success over the past year. Even if these economic efforts succeed, Afghanistan will likely remain dependent on foreign aid indefinitely. Through the end of FY2013, the United States provided nearly $93 billion in assistance to Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban, of which more than $56 billion has been to equip and train Afghan forces. The appropriated U.S. aid for FY2014 is over $6.1 billion, including $4.7 billion to train and equip the ANSF [Afghanistan National Security Forces], and the FY2015 request is similar to the FY2014-appropriated levels. Administration officials have pledged to Afghanistan that economic aid requests for Afghanistan are likely to continue roughly at recent levels through at least FY2017."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL30588
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