Developing Guidelines and Standards for Disaster Resilience of the Built Environment: A Research Needs Assessment [open pdf - 12MB]
"Despite progress in science and technology towards improved performance of the built environment during disasters, natural and man-made hazards in the United States are responsible for significant losses and damage. To improve the resilience of the built environment to hazard events, each community or region needs a comprehensive plan that specifies performance levels and timeframes for recovery from damage that are consistent across building and infrastructure systems. Community resilience objectives and policies should be developed for local and regional hazards and resilience needs, and should include goals and performance criteria, based on the role of each facility or infrastructure system in the community. However, guidance for developing resilience in the built environment, including quantitative metrics and tools for assessing component and community resilience, is not available. The NIST [National Institute of Standards and Technology] Engineering Laboratory conducts research on resilience of the built environment, structural robustness, and structural performance during hazard events. NIST research aims to develop metrics and tools for assessing the resilience of building and infrastructure systems, such as predicting structural performance up to failure, assessing and evaluating the ability of existing structures to withstand seismic, fire, and other extreme loads, and predicting disaster resilience at the community scale. To assist with identifying critical gaps and needs in tools and metrics for assessing the resilience of the built environment, two national workshops were convened by NIST in 2011, which were sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and supported by the American National Standards Institute's Homeland Security Standards Panel (ANSI-HSSP)."
NIST Technical Note 1795
U.S. Department of Commerce: http://www.commerce.gov/