"On February 14, 2012, President Obama signed into law a four-year reauthorization of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs, the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-95; the 2012 Act). The act is the first long-term authorization for federal civil aviation programs since 2007, and was enacted following 23 short-term extensions. The Essential Air Service (EAS) program was a focus of controversy during the FAA reauthorization process. The final legislation included policy reforms and changes to the funding of the EAS program. The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 (P.L. 113-76), signed into law by the President on January 17, 2014, provided funding for FY2014, along with some relatively minor changes to the program. This report provides an overview of the EAS program and discusses the changes introduced by the FAA reauthorization bill and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014."
CRS Report for Congress, R41666