"On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed into law a comprehensive health care reform bill, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which, among other things, reauthorizes the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA). This report, one of a series of CRS [Congressional Research Service] products on the ACA, summarizes some of the key changes made in the reauthorization of IHCIA. In addition, the report summarizes other ACA provisions related to American Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled in and receiving services from Medicare, Medicaid, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP)--also called SSA [Social Security Administration] health benefit programs. It also discusses ACA changes to private health insurance coverage that may affect American Indians' and Alaska Natives' access to private health insurance coverage. Another report, CRS Report R41630, 'The Indian Health Care Improvement Act Reauthorization and Extension as Enacted by the ACA: Detailed Summary and Timeline', by Elayne J. Heisler, provides a detailed section-by-section summary of the IHCIA Reauthorization and Extension Act of 2009. The report begins with an overview of the Indian Health Service (IHS) and IHCIA. It then discusses each of the eight titles in IHCIA and how the ACA amends each of these titles. Finally, the report discusses other ACA changes that may affect American Indians and Alaska Natives. For each topic, including each IHCIA title, discussed, the report first gives a brief description for context, and then describes the changes made by the ACA."
CRS Report for Congress, R41152