Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues [January 13, 2014] [open pdf - 339KB]
"Members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA, P.L. [Public Law] 99-410) of 1986. The law was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws. [...] The law is administered by the Secretary of Defense, who delegates that responsibility to the director of the Federal Voting Assistance Program at the Department of Defense (DOD). [...] In July 2013, the Election Assistance Commission issued its report on UOCAVA voting in the general election of 2012. The biennial report is mandated by the Help America Vote Act. According to the results, ballots were transmitted to UOCAVA voters by election officials in all 50 states and several territories, but nearly half of all ballots were sent from California, Florida, New York, Texas, and Washington. The rate of ballots returned for counting was higher than in 2010, but lower than in the presidential election of 2008. States counted 95.8% of the ballots that were returned. Several relevant bills have been introduced in the 113th Congress, including H.R. 12, H.R. 1655, H.R. 2168, H.R. 3576, S. 123, S. 1034, and S. 1728. Thus far, no action has occurred on any of the bills."
CRS Report for Congress, RS20764