"The FY2013 Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4310, Section 1037) indicates that it is the sense of Congress that 'the United States should pursue negotiations with the Russian Federation aimed at the reduction of Russian deployed and non-deployed nonstrategic nuclear forces.' The United States and Russia have not included limits on these weapons in past arms control agreements. Nevertheless, some analysts and Members of Congress have argued that disparities in the numbers of nonstrategic nuclear weapons may become more important as the United States and Russia reduce their numbers of deployed long-range, strategic nuclear weapons. […] Some argue that these weapons do not create any problems and the United States should not alter its policy. Others argue that the United States should reduce its reliance on these weapons and encourage Russia to do the same. Many have suggested that the United States and Russia expand efforts to cooperate on ensuring the safe and secure storage and elimination of these weapons; others have suggested that they negotiate an arms control treaty that would limit these weapons and allow for increased transparency in monitoring their deployment and elimination. The 113th Congress may review some of these proposals. This report will be updated as needed."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32572
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html