Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress [January 6, 2014] [open pdf - 489KB]
"The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) implements the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulations, which regulate security at high-risk facilities possessing more than certain amounts of one or more chemicals of interest. Facilities possessing more than the specified amount must register with DHS through this program (a process known as the Top- Screen) and perform security-related activities. The DHS identifies a subset of high-risk chemical facilities from among those that register. These high-risk chemical facilities must submit a security vulnerability assessment, which DHS uses to confirm their high-risk designation, and a site security plan, which DHS then authorizes. […] This report analyzes data from a variety of DHS presentations, testimony, and other sources to present a historical overview of program performance to date. It identifies an ongoing gap between the number of facilities that have received final risk tier assignments and the total number of regulated facilities. This makes it appear likely that DHS will not have inspected or approved site security plans for some portion of the regulated facility universe for at least several years. In addition, the current rates of authorization of site security plans, authorization inspection, and approval of site security plans make it appear likely that DHS will not have completed implementation for the initial facilities before the date when it will need to begin reinspecting already approved facilities for compliance. With the onset of compliance inspections, congressional policy makers may have further questions about the ability of the CFATS program to meet congressional expectations regarding timeliness."
CRS Report for Congress, R43346
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html