"Two large U.S. cities-Oakland, California, and Birmingham, Alabama-served as testing grounds for the effectiveness of several different policing models for controlling the problem of street-level drug trafficking. The National Institute of Justice subsequently tested and assessed the models to determine their effectiveness. The study examined the models' impact on the reduction of reported crimes as well as citizens' perceptions of their own safety and the extent of crime in their neighborhoods. Police departments in the two cities used special task forces and also 'community policing' techniques to identify and arrest drug traffickers. Generally, both methods left citizens believing that police were more effective than prior to the experiments. Furthermore, crime rates in the experimental neighborhoods decreased, particularly for violent crimes. This 'Research in Brief' highlights the study's findings with an indepth look at how two large police departments are dealing with drug trafficking and drug-related crime."
Police Foundation: http:///www.policefoundation.org/