Interim Agreement on Iran's Nuclear Program [December 11, 2013]   [open pdf - 357KB]

"In the early hours of November 24, 2013, in Geneva, Switzerland, Iran and the six powers that have negotiated with Iran about its nuclear program since 2006 (the United States, Britain, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the 'P5+1') finalized an interim agreement requiring Iran to freeze many aspects of its nuclear program in exchange for what the Obama Administration calls 'limited, temporary, targeted, and reversible' relief from international sanctions. The period of the interim deal is to be six months, during which time Iran and the P5+1 will attempt to reach a comprehensive deal on the long-term status of Iran's nuclear program. […] Many analysts see the agreement as a necessary first step that, if fully implemented, would delay Iran's ability to produce a nuclear weapon, improve the international community's ability to identify Iranian efforts to develop nuclear weapons, and begin to reintegrate Iran into the international community. […] The Administration, and some allied governments, assert that the P5+1 must adhere to its pledge to refrain from imposing new sanctions or risk many governments and firms reducing their cooperation with the sanctions regime on Iran. U.S. officials have said that sanctions can be re-imposed if Iran fails to comply with the interim agreement."

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CRS Report for Congress, R43333
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