Coffee Break Training: Building Construction: Residential Garage Fires and Built-in Protection [open pdf - 496KB]
"Fire services personnel respond every day to hundreds of fires involving residential occupancies, and most of these residences have either an attached or unattached garage. This training focuses on attached garages because of their imminent threat to the life safety of inhabitants, particularly when fire originates in this area. From 2009 to 2011, there were 6,600 garage fires in residential buildings resulting in 30 deaths, 400 injuries, and $457 million dollars of property loss. Ninety-three percent of these occurred in one- and two-family dwellings. While most fires occur in December and January, there is a spike of occurrence in July as well. Additionally, like most residential fires, the time of day when most garage fires occur is between 4-9 p.m. Over 45 percent of these incidents see extension of fire beyond the garage area to the building or outside of the building. The leading causes are 'electrical malfunction,' 'unintentional careless action,' and 'open flame,' in that order (U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Incident Reporting System 5.0)."
Coffee Break Training - Fire Protection Series No. FP-2013-47-1
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/