Recommendations for an Effective National Mitigation Effort: 'Building Stronger Partnerships, Increased Resilience, and Disaster Resistance for a Safer Nation.' [open pdf - 5MB]
"Investing resources and capital to prevent or reduce harm before it occurs is a rational and logical course of action. But social, political, and economic realities tend to drive public choice 'away' from investments that attempt to minimize or eliminate disasters' impacts before they occur. 'It's tough to convince people to prepare for the worst when the sun is shining and the skies are blue. It is also hard for mitigation measures to compete for funding with many urgent and immediate emergency funding needs facing federal, state, and local governments.' […] This White Paper offers strategic themes and elements of a national mitigation strategy, identifies some initial steps for the near term, and asserts that the concept of mitigation must be a part of any dialogue where the notion of protecting the communities of the United States and reducing the costs of disasters is discussed. This paper is not intended to suggest specific or programmatic actions. Its purpose is to set the desired strategic context from which will follow future policy and program recommendations. […] Mitigation is not an isolated or unique activity for any single level of government, private sector, or funding source. Mitigation is a pervasive activity that needs to include the broadest range of participants, making widely available the most current and accurate hazard identification information. Mitigation should be demand-driven from the communities where it makes the most difference. It is in the interest of decision makers at the higher levels of government to use their dollars to promote and incentivize a comprehensive and systematic approach for mitigation to be implemented at the local community level."
National Flood Risk Management Program: http://www.nfrmp.us/