Blast Injuries: Fact Sheets for Professionals   [open pdf - 10MB]

"Abdominal blast injuries are a significant cause of injury and death. The actual incidence of abdominal blast injury is unknown. Incidence and clinical presentation of abdominal blast injury will vary significantly depending upon the patient and the nature of the blast. Underwater blasts carry a significantly greater risk of abdominal injury. Children are more prone to abdominal injuries in blast situations due to their unique anatomy. (For further information please refer to CDC's 'Blast Injuries: Pediatrics' fact sheet.) Gas-containing sections of the GI tract are most vulnerable to primary blast effect. This can cause immediate bowel perforation, hemorrhage (ranging from small petechiae to large hematomas), mesenteric shear injuries, solid organ lacerations, and testicular rupture. Blast abdominal injury should be suspected in anyone exposed to an explosion with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, rectal pain, tenesmus, testicular pain, unexplained hypovolemia, or any findings suggestive of an acute abdomen."

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/
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