Terminal Blackout: Critical Electric Infrastructure Vulnerabilities and Civil-Military Resiliency [open pdf - 612KB]
"Threats to the electric grid (cyber, solar, non-nuclear electromagnetic pulse [NNEMP] and high-altitude nuclear electromagnetic pulse [HEMP]), as well as the potential consequences of significant damage to grid components by terrorists and other natural disasters, have increased incrementally since 2001; but details releasable to the public at the unclassified level were rare prior to 2008. Efforts by the Congressional 'Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse' (EMP Attack) to declassify data relevant to American society within their final 2008 report were successful (albeit limited, as much remains classified), and subsequently heralded during a major conference at Niagara Falls, sponsored by a new non-profit non-partisan organization, which hosted highly influential experts and proponents of critical electric infrastructure protection. Participants included sitting and retired Congressional members from both parties; former Directors of the CIA, the National Security Agency, and the Defense Nuclear Agency; counterterrorism analysts; commissioners; nuclear and electrical engineers; scientists; academics; and a wide variety of first responders."
U.S. Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership and Development: http://www.csl.army.mil/