U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes [September 17, 2013] [open pdf - 840KB]
"As estimates for the amount of U.S. natural gas resources have grown, so have the prospects of rising U.S. natural gas exports. The United States is expected to go from a net importer of natural gas to a net exporter by 2020. Projects to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) by tanker ship have been proposed--cumulatively accounting for about 41.4% of current gross U.S. natural gas production--and are at varying stages of regulatory approval. Projects require federal approval under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. §717b), with the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission being the lead authorizing agencies. Pipeline exports, which accounted for 98% of all exports of U.S. produced natural gas in 2012, are also likely to continue rising."
CRS Report for Congress, R42074
National Agricultural Law Center: http://nationalaglawcenter.org/