Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Categorical Eligibility [September 20, 2013] [open pdf - 421KB]
This report discusses the eligibility restrictions for recipients of food subsidies. "The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides benefits to low-income, eligible households on an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card; benefits can then be exchanged for foods at authorized retailers. […] Federal SNAP law provides two basic pathways for financial eligibility to the program: (1) meeting program-specific federal eligibility requirements; or (2) being automatically or 'categorically' eligible for SNAP based on being eligible for or receiving benefits from other specified low-income assistance programs. […] The omnibus 'farm bill' approved by the Senate on June 10, 2013 (S. 954), reauthorizes and makes certain changes to SNAP, but does not make changes affecting categorical eligibility. On the other hand, H.R. 3102 (the Nutrition Reform and Work Opportunity Act of 2013), which passed the House on September 19, 2013, would restrict SNAP categorical eligibility to only those households receiving need-tested 'cash' assistance (the traditional form of categorical eligibility), ending the state option to have 'broad-based' categorical eligibility."
CRS Report for Congress, R42054
National Agricultural Law Center: http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/