Appendix B - UNHCR Monitoring Plan: Canada - United States 'Safe Third Country' Agreement [open pdf - 79KB]
"The Safe Third Country agreement (hereinafter 'the Agreement') notes, in keeping with the advice of UNHCR [United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees] and its Executive Committee, that agreements among states may enhance international protection of refugees by promotion of orderly handling of asylum applications by the responsible party and the principle of burden sharing. The Agreement acknowledges the international legal obligations of the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States (the 'Parties') under the principle of 'non-refoulement' outlined in the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol, as well as the 1984 Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Convention Against Torture). The Agreement notes the Parties' determination to safeguard for each eligible refugee claimant on its territory access to a full and fair refugee status determination procedure as a means to afford the protections of the 1951 Convention, its Protocol and the Convention Against Torture."
U.S. Customs and Immigration Services: http://www.uscis.gov/