"Special legislative provisions facilitate relief for certain refugee groups. The 'Lautenberg Amendment,' which was first enacted in 1989, allows certain former Soviet and Indochinese nationals to qualify for refugee status based on their membership in a protected category with a credible fear of persecution. In 2004, Congress amended the Lautenberg Amendment to add the 'Specter Amendment,' which requires the designation of categories of Iranian religious minorities whose cases are to be adjudicated under the Lautenberg Amendment's reduced evidentiary standard. Subsequent laws extended the Lautenberg Amendment, as amended by the Specter Amendment. Most recently, the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013 (P.L. 113-6) extends the Lautenberg Amendment through September 30, 2013. The Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Refugee Resettlement (HHS/ORR) administers an initial transitional assistance program for temporarily dependent refugees and Cuban/Haitian entrants. The final FY2013 appropriation for refugee and entrant assistance in P.L. 113-6 is $1.016 billion; after adjustments for the rescission and the sequestration, FY2013 funding totals $999.4 million."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31269