"Several key provisions related to extended federal unemployment benefits are temporary and, therefore, scheduled to expire. The temporary 100% federal financing of the Extended Benefit (EB) program ends December 31, 2013. The temporary option for states to use three-year lookbacks as part of their EB triggers expires the week ending on or before December 31, 2013. Authorization for the temporary Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) program is scheduled to expire the week ending on or before January 1, 2014 (i.e., December 28, 2013, in all states except New York State, in which the program ends December 29, 2013). Once these federal unemployment provisions expire, only regular, state-financed unemployment benefits from the Unemployment Compensation (UC) program will generally be available. In most states, UC provides up to 26 weeks of benefits. This report describes the consequences of these expirations for the financing and availability of unemployment benefits in states. It also summarizes the last three laws that have extended these expiring provisions: P.L. [Public Law] 112-240, P.L. 112-96, and P.L. 112-78. Among other provisions, H.R. 2821, the American Jobs Act of 2013, would extend these temporary unemployment insurance provisions for two additional years (i.e., through December 2015)."
CRS Report for Congress, R41508