"Bid protests of federal government contracts filed with the Government Accountability Office (GAO) have received congressional scrutiny due to high-profile protests of awards, including a $10 billion U.S. military contract for the distribution of food products in Afghanistan (protested by Supreme Foodservice AG), a contract to provide light air support planes to the Afghan military (protested by Beechcraft Corp.), and the Air Force's $7 billion NetCents 2 technology award (protested by 19 different companies). The increasing number of protests, and the impact protests can have in delaying contract award or performance, have raised concerns regarding the impact of protests on agency operations, especially in the Department of Defense (DOD). This report is one of two providing Congress with background on the GAO bid-protest process. It analyzes (1) trends in bid protests filed with GAO, (2) the impact bid protests have in delaying contracts, (3) why companies protest, (4) the most common grounds for GAO to sustain a protest, and (5) trends in bid protests filed against DOD."
CRS Report for Congress, R40227