U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial [Updated February 28, 2005] [open pdf - 108KB]
"The 109th Congress is likely to address a broad range of civilian, military, and commercial space issues. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts the most visible space activities. For FY2005, NASA requested $16.24 billion, and received $16.07 billion (adjusted for the rescission). Separately, Congress provided $126 million in a supplemental for hurricane relief, making a total FY2005 budget of $16.2 billion. The FY2006 request is $16.46 billion. The loss of the space shuttle Columbia on February 1, 2003, and the future of NASA's human space flight activities, is dominating debate about NASA. [...] The appropriate role of the government in facilitating commercial space businesses is an ongoing debate. For many years, the focus has been on space launch services, but commercial remote sensing satellites also pose complex questions. President Bush signed a new commercial remote sensing policy in 2003, and a new space launch policy in 2004, that try to strike a balance between facilitating commercial activities while ensuring the U.S. government has needed data and services. International cooperation and competition in space are affected by the world economic situation and the post-Cold War political climate. President Clinton's 1993 decision to merge NASA's space station program with Russia's is symbolic of the dramatic changes, and the risks."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB92011
U.S. Dept. of State, Foreign Press Centers: http://fpc.state.gov/