Comprehensive Immigration Reform in the 113th Congress: Short Summary of Senate-Passed S. 744 [July 10, 2013] [open pdf - 226KB]
"For a number of years, some Members of Congress have favored 'comprehensive immigration reform' (CIR), a label that commonly refers to omnibus legislation that includes increased border security and immigration enforcement, expanded employment eligibility verification, revision of nonimmigrant visas and legal permanent immigration, and legalization for some unauthorized aliens residing in the country. Other Members of Congress may favor addressing these issues sequentially (e.g., by implementing enforcement provisions prior to legalization), and/or may disagree with the legalization and increased legal immigration provisions that have been features of major CIR bills. Still others may be interested in legislating on some elements of CIR but not others. Leaders in both chambers have identified immigration as a legislative priority in the 113th Congress. While the House Committee on the Judiciary has ordered reported several distinct pieces of legislation that aim to reform immigration law thus far in the 113th Congress, the debate in the Senate has focused on a single CIR bill: the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. [Senate bill] 744), which was reported by the Senate Judiciary Committee May 28, 2013, and was amended during three weeks of floor debate before being passed by the Senate on a yea-nay vote of 68-32 on June 27, 2013. This report succinctly summarizes major provisions of S. 744, as passed by the Senate. CRS's [Congressional Research Service] analysis focuses on eight major policy areas that encompass the U.S. immigration debate: comprehensive reform 'triggers' and funding; border security; interior enforcement; employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement; legalization of unauthorized aliens; immigrant visas; nonimmigrant visas; and humanitarian provisions."
CRS Report for Congress, R43099