Ocean Acidification [July 30, 2013]   [open pdf - 286KB]

"On January 30, 2009, a Monaco Declaration was signed by more than 150 marine scientists from 26 countries, calling for immediate action by policymakers to reduce carbon dioxide emissions so as to avoid widespread and severe damage to marine ecosystems from ocean acidification. The Monaco Declaration is based on the Research Priorities Report developed by participants in an October 2008 international symposium on 'The Ocean in a High-CO2 World,' organized by UNESCO's [United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization] Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme. In December 2010, the United Nations Environment Programme highlighted the emerging concerns over the relationship between ocean acidification and food security. While not yet fully understood, the ecological and economic consequences of ocean acidification could be substantial. Legislative attention by Congress on ocean acidification currently is focused on authorizing, funding, and coordinating research to increase knowledge about ocean acidification and its potential effects on marine ecosystems."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R40143
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