"The key findings of the Air Force [AF] 'Global Horizons' study are:  Constraints (natural resource, human, budget, time) compel efficiency, speed, and focus.  S&T [Science & Technology] recommendations from 'Technology Horizons' (autonomy, human effectiveness), 'Energy Horizons' (generation, use, distribution), and 'Cyber Vision 2025' (mission assurance, resiliency and agility, human machine integration, trust) studies remain valid.  Global domains will be increasingly contested, congested, and competitive, adversely impacting AF core functions.  Strategic opportunity exists to leverage $1.4 trillion in global R&D [Research & Development] investment; rapid and efficient leverage of global invention/innovation is essential to sustaining advantage.  Supply of educated talent will be constrained and contested. Global threats and opportunities compel action on the following key study recommendations:  Enhance global S&T vigilance to anticipate and counter strategic threats [...].  Focus AF S&T on game changers with associated revolutionary CONOPS [concept of operations] [...] with priority effort on:  Trusted and resilient cyberspace1 [sic] assured PNT [positioning, navigation, and timing] (e.g., cold atoms, vision based navigation), hypersonics and directed energy weapons, bio-inspired computation, advanced materials and manufacturing, personalized health and performance.  Employ agile and innovative acquisition approaches (e.g., grand challenges/prizes, crowdsourcing, ACTDs [Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration], prototyping); foster partnerships [...]; shape doctrine, policy, and processes (RDT&E [Research, Development, Test and Evaluation], digital thread) for agility, speed, and economy. [...].  Proactively track and leverage AF relevant global industrial investments (e.g., transportation, manufacturing, health) and pursue strategic international partnering. [...].  Inspire and focus accession, development and retention of the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce."
AF/ST TR 13-01; Air Force/Small Business Technology Transer 13-01
U.S. Air Force: http://www.af.mil/