"With the continued proliferation of information, the explosion of devices connecting to the expanding communication infrastructure and the evolving threat environment, the need for cybersecurity standards and best practices that address interoperability, usability and privacy continues to be critical for the Nation. The Computer Security Division (CSD), a component of the Information Technology Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is responsible for developing standards, guidelines, tests, and metrics for the protection of non-national security federal information and communication infrastructure. These standards, guidelines, tests, and metrics are also important resources for the private sector. In 2012, CSD aligned its resources to enable greater development and application of practical, innovative security technologies and methodologies, and to enhance our ability to address current and future computer and information security challenges in support of critical national and international priorities. CSD extended its research and development agenda for high-quality, cost-effective security and privacy mechanisms to foster improved information security across the federal government and the global information security community. In 2012, NIST concluded the five-year SHA-3 Cryptographic Hash Algorithm Competition with the selection of KECCAK for standardization and worldwide adoption. The selection of this cryptographic hash algorithm, an indispensable component for the information and communication systems that support commerce in the modern era, confirmed NIST's well-respected and trusted technical authority in this field."
NIST Special Publication 800-165; National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-165
National Institute of Standards and Technology: http://www.nist.gov/