Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Legislative Actions Through the 109th Congress [Updated April 9, 2007] [open pdf - 198KB]
"A major part of the energy debate is whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological resources. ANWR is rich in fauna, flora, and commercial oil potential. Its development has been debated for over 40 years, but increases in gasoline and natural gas prices, terrorist attacks, and infrastructure damage from hurricanes have intensified the debate. Current law forbids energy leasing in ANWR. This report is intended to provide a summary of legislative attempts to address issues of energy development and preservation in the Refuge from the 95th Congress through the 109th Congress, with emphasis on the 107th through 109th Congresses. This history has been cited by many, in and out of Congress, as background for issues that may be raised in the 110th Congress. The report contains little analysis of the substance of this issue, which is covered in other CRS reports. See CRS Report RL33872, 'Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): New Directions in the 110th Congress', for information on actions in the 110th Congress relative to ANWR."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32838
U.S. Department of State: http://fpc.state.gov/