Security Assistance Reform: 'Section 1206' Background and Issues for Congress [June 29, 2010] [open pdf - 395KB]
"Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military and foreign maritime security forces. The Department of Defense (DOD) values this authority as an important tool to train and equip military partners. Funds may be obligated only with the concurrence of the Secretary of State. Thus far, the Department of Defense (DOD) has used Section 1206 authority primarily to provide counterterrorism (CT) support. These funds may also be used to train and equip foreign military forces for military and stability operations in which U.S. forces participate. As of June 21, 2010, Section 1206 allocations for FY2006-FY2009 and congressionally notified plans for FY2010 total about $1.2 billion. For FY 2010, Congress provided $345 million in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2010, P.L. 111-118. (The amount is not specified in the act but is included under the total appropriated to the Defense Security Cooperation Agency.). Of this amount, about $238 million has been notified to and accepted by congressional oversight committees to date. Almost two-thirds of this funding ($155.3 million) is provided for CT support in Yemen. Some $18 million is provided for CT support in the Philippines and $64 million to assist 12 countries in greater Europe in preparing troops to participate in the NATO International Stabilization Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22855