"Permits issued by the fire code official can be a powerful tool to regulate the storage, handling, use and transportation of hazardous materials. The model fire codes give fire officials a great deal of authority with permits. Fire code permits regulate operational hazards and some construction activities. By issuing a permit, the fire code official authorizes a hazard to exist -- such as storing liquefied gases near a building -- under controlled conditions. Usually, these controls are listed in the requirements of the various hazardous materials or hazardous operations chapters of the fire code."
Coffee Break Training - Fire Protection Series No. FP-2013-29
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/