"The farm bill, renewed about every five years, governs federal farm and food policy. The previous omnibus bill is the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171), covering a wide range of programs, including commodity price and income support, farm credit, agricultural conservation, research, rural development, and foreign and domestic food programs, among others. In 2007, both the House and Senate completed committee and floor action on their respective versions of the new farm bill. Many provisions of the 2002 farm bill expired in September 2007, but were extended under a series of temporary extensions, with the extension lasting through late May 2008. On May 21-22, both the House and the Senate voted to override a presidential veto of the conference agreement on the 2008 farm bill (H.R. 2419, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008), and the conference bill became law on May 22, 2008 (P.L. 110-234). However, an enrolling error resulted in one title of the bill (Title III, Trade) being omitted from the version that was sent to the White House, and the newly enacted law contains 14 of 15 farm bill titles. To resolve this issue, both the House and Senate passed a version of the 2008 farm bill with all 15 original bill titles (H.R. 6124). The President vetoed H.R. 6124 on June 18, but both the House and Senate voted to override the veto that same day and the bill became law (P.L. 110-246), replacing P.L. 110-234."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22131
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