Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges [November 1, 2012] [open pdf - 262KB]
"The major highways and bridges damaged during Hurricanes Sandy in 2012 and Irene in 2011 are examples of disaster damaged federal-aid highway infrastructure that is eligible for assistance from the Emergency Relief Program (ER) of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). ER assistance is restricted to roads and bridges on the federal-aid highway system, which essentially includes all public roads not functionally classified as either local or rural minor collectors. For disaster-damaged roads that are not federal-aid highways, states may request reimbursement for emergency road repairs and debris removal from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA may also allow limited funding under its Public Assistance Program for such things as snow removal and related operating costs during extreme snowfalls, which are not eligible for ER funds. This report describes FHWA assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters or catastrophic failures (such as a bridge collapse). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance and describes the ER program in its current form. The report then discusses eligibility issues and program operation."
CRS Report for Congress, R42804
FEMA Lessons Learned Information Sharing: https://www.llis.dhs.gov/