National Action Plan to Prevent Health Care-Associated Infections: Road Map to Elimination [open pdf - 4MB]
"Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that people acquire while they are receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions in a health care setting. HAIs can be acquired anywhere health care is delivered. Hospital-acquired HAIs are among the leading causes of death in the United States. At any given time, about one in every 20 hospitalized patients has an HAI, while over one million HAIs occur across health care every year. Hospital acquired HAIs alone are responsible for $28 billion to $33 billion in potentially preventable health care expenditures annually. Scientific evidence has shown that certain types of HAIs can be drastically reduced to save lives and avoid excess costs."
United States Department of Health and Human Services: http://www.hhs.gov/