National Preparedness: FEMA Has Made Progress, but Additional Steps are Needed to Improve Grant Management and Assess Capabilities, Statement of David C. Maurer, Director, Homeland Security and Justice, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Emergency Management, Intergovernmental Relations, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs, U.S. Senate [open pdf - 271KB]
"From fiscal years 2002 through 2012, Congress appropriated about $41 billion to a variety of DHS preparedness grant programs to enhance the capabilities of state and local governments to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks and other disasters. DHS allocated more than $22.3 billion through four of the largest preparedness programs-- the Urban Areas Security Initiative, the State Homeland Security Program, the Port Security Grant Program, and the Transit Security Grant Program. In February 2012, GAO [Government Accountability Office] identified factors that contribute to the risk of FEMA potentially funding unnecessarily duplicative projects across the four grant programs. In March 2011, GAO reported that FEMA faced challenges in developing and implementing a national preparedness assessment, a fact that inhibits its abilities to effectively prioritize preparedness grant funding. This testimony updates GAO's prior work and describes FEMA's progress in (1) managing preparedness grants and (2) measuring national preparedness by assessing capabilities. This statement is based on prior products GAO issued from July 2005 to March 2013 and selected updates in June 2013. To conduct the updates, GAO analyzed agency documents, such as the 'National Preparedness Reports', and interviewed FEMA officials. […] GAO has made recommendations to DHS and FEMA in prior reports. DHS and FEMA concurred with these recommendations and have actions under way to address them."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/